Alabama Boating Requirements
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The Alabama boating requirements summary is designed to inform the boating public about title options, registration requirements, recording methods, record searches, tax rules, and operational guidelines for the State of Alabama. The data is maintained as an open wiki forum where readers are encouraged to participate by sharing knowledge and experiences with this particular state. Simply click on the above "Wiki-Share" link to contribute further details or suggest a revision.
Registration and Titling
Alabama is a registration only state and does not issue boat titles. Registrations on non-exempt boats are
administered by the Marine Patrol Division (MPD) in Montgomery and can also be handled from county offices. Although the
MPD website offers little by way of registration information, such details can be
found on the county websites. Titles are not available in Alabama for outboard boat motors. However they
can be optionally listed on the underlying boat registration record. Titling and registration
is not required for boat trailers in Alabama.
Unless otherwise exempted, all mechanically propelled vessels, sailboats and boats for hire
must become registered in Alabama. USCG documented vessels are also subject to registration
unless endorsed for commercial usage. Exemptions include vessels which are registered in
another state for a period not to exceed 90 consecutive days, foreign registered vessels, and
lifeboats. A complete list of exemptions may be found on their boat registration website.
Alabama does not have provisions for conditional boat registrations where sufficient proof of ownership is not otherwise available. Under these circumstances it will be necessary to petition a court of local jurisdiction for an award of ownership.
Numbering and Marking
Boat registration numbers in Alabama begin with an "AL" designation which is followed by four numbers and then two letters. These must be displayed on all non-documented boats along with registration sticker tab decals.
Coast Guard documented vessels may not display the state registration numbers. However they must display the state registration tabs, an owner designated vessel name, and a hailing port. An official documentation number must also be affixed to a visible interior location in the hull itself or an integral part of the hull.
Boats manufactured after 1972 are required to have a 12 digit hull identification number affixed to the vessel by the manufacturer. Owners with older boats may apply with the Marine Police Division for a state issued hull number assignment. These begin with the letters "ALZ" and are available for home made boats or those without factory designations.
Alabama is a registration only state and does not issue boat titles. Registration certificates may however serve as quasi-proof of ownership unless the vessel is Coast Guard documented. Security interests in boats that are neither titled or documented are therefore recorded through Uniform Commercial Code filings.
Tax liens are sometimes flagged in the state's registration database, recorded as UCC filings, shown on state revenue records, or filed with a county clerk's office. There are no provisions in Alabama for recording mechanic's liens or other non-secured claims against registered boats.
If the vessel is USCG documented, a security interest is perfected by filing a preferred vessel mortgage. These are recorded with the National Vessel Documentation Center with the earliest submissions taking priority. Other lien claims can be filed in the same manner although these function as notifications only. All such filings are indexed on the vessel's underlying abstract of title.
Boat registration records in Alabama are maintained by the Marine Patrol Division. This agency does not facilitate online searches for the general public, but registration information may be obtained by submitting a boat record request form. It is also reported that the registration office will confirm hull identification numbers and provide telephone verifications on registration certificates in hand.
Alabama is a registration only state and does not issue boat titles. Security interests in non-documented boats are accordingly filed with the Secretary of State as Uniform Commercial Code recordings. Online UCC searches are available from their web site or by using a public record vendor.
State and Federal tax liens on boats are not always recorded in a consistent manner and are therefore difficult to identify. They may show up as a red flag on state registration records, as UCC filings, in state revenue records, in a county clerks records, or on a vessel's abstract of title for documented boats. Given these disparities, it may be worth obtaining the services of a public record vendor that has access to a broad range of personal property lien recordings.
Ownership, mortgage, and lien search recordings for Coast Guard documented vessels can be obtained by ordering an abstract of title and a copy of the certificate of documentation from the National Vessel Documentation Center. However, these are encoded and can be difficult to interpret, especially on older vessels with numerous recordings. It may be worthwhile to contact a professional vessel documentation company for assistance.
Taxes and Insurance
Sales, use, and local taxes are applicable to boats purchased and operated in Alabama. Such rules are, however, subject to frequent changes and certain exemptions may apply. You should accordingly contact the Alabama Department of Revenue to confirm the most current requirements as they relate to your circumstances. A link to their Department of revenue is provided in the above WikiTags.
Liability insurance is not required for boats operating on Alabama waters. This is, however, subject to change without notice and you should confirm with the marine patrol office for this jurisdiction.
Operating and Safety
Any motorized boat operator over 12 years old is required by Alabama law to pass a boater safety course and to carry a boater education card. Visit the above WikiTags for exemptions and further information.
The operator of a boat involved in an accident causing loss of life, injury, or damage in excess of $50.00, must, within 10 days, submit an accident report to the Marine Patrol Division. Visit the safe boating link in the above WikiTags for additional operating and safety requirements.
The information contained herein is subject to change without notice and may contain errors or omissions. Be sure to check with the respective government agency before taking action on any such data. More detailed information about all of these topics can be found in the above WikiTags.
Credits and References
2/13/2022 - Page initiated by Team BoatWiki.
5/5/2022 - Page revised.